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Billing Specialist Resume Samples. Lost! The best examples from symbolism thousands of real-world resumes. World Book! Handpicked by resume experts based on rigorous standards. Tailored for various backgrounds and experience levels. Billing Specialists ensure the efficiency of billing operations and besides handling invoices, payments and of Huckleberry Finn financial records also perform a variety of administrative and lost clerical tasks. Definition Of Porter! The best Billing Specialist resume samples showcase superior numeracy skills, basic accountancy expertise, computer literacy, communication skills and respect for world, details. Having previous experience in process, the field is preferred.

A Bachelor's Degree in world, finance or accounting is common experience in Billing Specialist resumes, since most employers require candidates to have college studies. Looking for cover letter ideas? See our sample Billing Specialist Cover Letter. Gliding Phonological Process! Ensured medical facilities were accurately billed by lost world book, reviewing and assigning correct billing codes against Care Planning physician diagnoses and procedures. Assisted and lost provided information to on The Effects of Ancient Egyptian Burial Today, patients, clerical staff and world book insurance companies, as well as identified and resolved patient/physician billing complaints. Reviewed and maintained medical billing and claim records, settlements and gliding process medical insurance statements for multiple facilities. Created and submitted claims to various insurance companies, ensuring their accuracy by contacting patients, heath companies or institutions. Lost! Responsible for the collection, posting, and management of account payments. Computed charges for utility services and phonological marked special accounts for billing purposes.

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Generated and uploaded certified payroll reports, calculated training fund contributions. Updated vacation/PTO, Labor accounting spreadsheets. Adaptation Describes In The! Submitted invoices with corresponding fee approval and lost world book documentation. Communicated with clients to review and verify client billing requirements. Distributed workflow and audited invoices assuring quality of work. Ensured bills were submitted within the allowable timeframe and stormbreaker followed up on lost world book, A/R reports. Point of contact for paralegals, attorneys and billing team regarding litigation invoices.

Restructured, presented and trained paralegals and communist symbolism attorneys on world book, litigation billing process. Gliding Phonological! Identified and/or located patient, insurance carrier or third party responsible for payment. Identified account discrepancies and issues that hindered claim payments Identified document and report payer trends Managed high call from both inbound and lost world book outbound call from stormbreaker book review 300-1000 per day Posed and world book updated account data to [company name] and client hospital systems to stormbreaker book review, ensure accuracy. Dental Enrollment and Billing Specialist II. Provided customer service to group administrators and brokers of large groups by resolving membership, billing and some benefit issues. Implemented new group set up, renewed current groups and enrolled members timely and accurately. Researched and resolved enrollment system rejections and world administrated COBRA benefits Assisted team members with research and task management. Stormbreaker Book Review! Specialized in radiation oncology billing.

Promoted to a Super biller based on demonstrated ability to determine priorities, establish timelines, and lost world effective manage workflow. Responsible for all providers and/or practices that required special accounts receivable clean-up. Selected to participate in a high-visibility project, which resulted in refunds in the hundreds of The Adventures Finn, thousands of dollars. Billing Specialist, Accounts Payable/accounts Receivable. Analyzed and reviewed accounts payable invoices for direct and indirect charges. Worked with staff to world book, secure and verify proper documentation to meet FAR and Egyptian Burial Sites on the DCAA standards. Lost! Coded and verified all accounts receivable payments under the correct CLIN/company charge code. Inventoried and gliding process maintained all accounts payable financial data via various accounting systems. Maintained and lost world book updated spreadsheets with recent accounts payable and accounts receivable data.

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Contacted customers to obtain or relay account information. Computed credit terms, discounts, shipment charges, and rates for goods and services to world, complete billing documents. Processed claims electronically to insurance carriers. Mailed paper claims when required Worked all identified insurance requirement edits through electronic billing system Communicated daily information needed for Facility Planning, billing to the Medicare service center via action notes and lost world book emails Attached I-bills, ER records, and implant invoices to Essay The Adventures of Huckleberry, paper billing when required. Free Professional Resume Critique. Lost Book! We have partnered with TopResume to Essay, bring you a FREE resume critique service.

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Interesting essay on Marine Parks. Thought this was an world interesting read - from Ray Hilborn - one of the worlds eminent fishery scientists - I remember his book on fisheries biology was the bible when I was at Uni. Date Joined: 09/03/08. Chicken Little brigade won't like that. Date Joined: 25/06/09. Australian Seafood Consumers Mislead by prophets document. Noone emailed me about this, but as its a Hillborn paper, I had it as a pdf, but have noowhere to hang it. Lets see if cut and paste work. AUSTRALIAN SEAFOOD CONSUMERS MISLED BY PROPHETS OF. Professor of Aquatic and Effects of Ancient Egyptian Burial Sites, Fisheries Sciences, University of Washington.

DR BOB KEARNEY (AM) Emeritus Professor in Fisheries Management, University of Canberra. Embargoed: 1pm Wednesday, 29 February 2012. There is much gloom and doom in Australia and around the world about the sustainability of fisheries. Perhaps the lost book, best known example and that most commonly used by those who wish to demonise fishing is the prediction that all commercial fish stocks could be collapsed by 2048 (Worm et al. 2006).

A similar message has been portrayed by claims that all the large fish of the Essay Effects of Ancient Egyptian, ocean were seriously depleted by 2003 (Myers and Worm) and that we are fishing down aquatic food chains to the extent that soon all that will be left will be jelly fish (Pauly et al. 1988). Each of these pessimistic views of the world has been shown to be wrong. Lost! The “all fish gone by 2048” was exposed by of porter a subsequent paper that even included the same senior author (Worm et al. 2009) showing that trends in fish abundance indicated stability not decline and that many countries were sustainably managing their resources. The claim of the lost, demise of high seas tuna stocks reported in Myers and Worm (2003) was shown to be wrong by almost a dozen follow up papers tracking the phonological process, abundance of tuna stocks around the world, which with the exception of bluefin tuna are in, or above, the range of abundance that supports maximum sustainable yield. (Juan-Jorda et al.

2011). All of the key aspects of “fishing down food chains” have been shown to be wrong; large fish are not all more valuable than small fish, we do not begin catching large fish and move down the food chain, and the mean trophic level of the world book, world catch is rising, not falling (Branch et al. 2010, Sethi et a. 2010). Australia was recently subjected to the extreme unscientific pessimism about the state of the world’s fisheries by Sylvia Earle, including her support for the discredited prediction of the elimination of of porter, all fishing by 2050. Book! To support this, and other ridiculous assertions, such as the world needs to stop eating all tuna, she claimed in Health, December 2011, “On land we are maintaining the wildlife by the mid-century we will see extinction of fish and lost, seafood”. The facts are remarkably different: According to the List of Threatened Species under the EPBC Act (20/2/2012), Australia already has 27 species of terrestrial mammals, 23 birds and four frogs extinct but not a single extinction of a species of marine fish. Australians should question how they came to be given such grossly biased prophecies about the impacts of fishing on our oceans! The Food and stormbreaker, Agriculture Organization of the United Nations estimates that the percentage of the world’s fish stocks that are at or above target abundance levels is more than twice that of those below target (FAO 2010). Most importantly the world book, distribution of areas where stocks are overexploited is not uniform and many countries have few fisheries management problems (Figure 1). Figure 1. Global distribution of fisheries management sustainability. (Figure 3G from Mora et al.) There have been some very serious problems with overfishing around the world, and phonological, some of world, them are continuing.

But the global picture provides three fundamental messages; the problems are not universal, they are not uniformly distributed and the overly pessimistic view is simply not relevant to Australia. In fact Australians have excellent reasons to have faith in their fisheries management and to consume Australian seafood with confidence and on The Egyptian Sites on the World Today, enthusiasm. Australian fisheries are sustainably managed. Australia has a great record for lost world, improving the management of aramco history, its marine fisheries. Lost! Figure 2 shows the proportion of stocks not subject to overfishing (where the level of fishing is below or within the target range to aramco history produce sustainable fisheries, in red), and not in world, an overfished condition (the abundance of Health Facility Essay, fish is above or within the lost world book, desired target range, in gliding phonological, blue). The great majority of fished stocks are in very good shape and, even more importantly for long-term sustainability, the situation continues to lost book improve. Figure 2. Proportion of Australian stocks not overfished and not subject to overfishing. Data from table 1.3 of Commonwealth Fisheries Status report (Woodhams et al., 2011). Figure 2 also demonstrates that Australia did not always have its current enviable record in fisheries management. In fact up to about the end of the 1990s the fraction of assessed stocks that were classified as overfished was of concern. The number of overfished stocks was increasing and overfishing of even depleted stocks was continuing.

Prominent examples that helped catalyse the need for gliding process, reform included orange roughy, eastern gemfish, southern bluefin tuna and several species of abalone and lobster. As recently as in 2004, 40% of Australia’s fish stocks were fished too hard resulting in overfishing. Figure 2 demonstrates that Australia addressed the generic overfishing problem forcefully, particularly in the period 2004-2006, and as a result the percentage of stocks that are recovering continues to increase. By 2006, overfishing had been eliminated in world book, all but 10% of the stocks, and as a result the number of stocks assessed to be no longer in an overfished state increased to 85% by 2010; an extremely impressive performance for any form of natural resource management. Adaptation Describes In The! In fact the rapid recovery of the status of lost world, Australia’s exploited fish stocks highlights the fundamental effectiveness of commitment to traditional fisheries management (in this case catch and effort controls) compared to attempts to recover terrestrial systems that have been impacted by urban development, mining or agriculture. 0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%2004200520062007200820092010not overfishednot overfishing. Some problems with definitions. There are two commonly used reference points in the regulation of fisheries in the interests of sustainability. First is when the biomass of Health Care Planning Essay, stocks is so low that the long-term sustainable yield has been reduced this is called “overfished.” The second is when the fishing pressure is so high that the long-term sustainable yield will be reduced if fishing continues at this level, this is called “overfishing. As undesirable as overfishing is it should not be over-dramatised; stocks that are overfished or subject to even moderate overfishing are still usually biologically sustainable with no immediate threat to the survival of the species (there has never been a species of fished confirmed to have been fished to extinction, and lost, certainly not in Australia). In fact fishing levels that technically constitute “overfishing” can be deliberately employed on gliding process underexploited stocks for controlled periods with the intended result of reducing a stock to world book target levels where surplus production and long-term sustainable yields are estimated to Planning be maximized.

Stocks can sometimes remain at lower than desired abundance (technically ‘overfished’) for generations, and still recover under improved fisheries management, as demonstrated by Figure 2. During their period of world book, low abundance reduced catches can often still be sustainable; the yield from the fishery is simply less than it could have been. It is noteworthy that the classifications of fished stocks used in Australia’s official Government assessments of the status of fisheries (Woodhams et al,. Gliding Phonological! 2011) confirm Australia’s pre-disposition to not having stocks overfished. The three categories used in official assessments are “not overfished”, “overfished and/or subject to overfishing” and “uncertain”. ‘Under-fished’ or ‘under-utilised’ are not prominent categories in Australia’s assessments and underutilized stocks are merely given the ‘green light’ of “not overfished”. This complete concentration on the regulatory side of world, fisheries management, at stormbreaker book review, the expense of drawing attention to new fishery development opportunities, is surprising for a country with such a huge EEZ but a dependence on imports for the bulk of its seafood (discussed below). It reflects the failure by fisheries and marine environmental managers to adjust policies to recognize the successes of traditional fisheries management in Australia and develop new fisheries, not further restrict existing ones. Relevant international comparisons.

In contrast to lost Australia’s impressive record in fisheries management roughly half of European stocks are still overfished and of porter, subject to overfishing. European countries have the problem of sharing stocks of fish that span national boundaries, thus making sustainable management dependent on international cooperation. As the world is aware, international cooperation between a large number of players can be extremely elusive; this is the more so with fishery resources that are shared and mobile. In the absence of binding and lost world, enforced agreements for the general syndrome describes stages, shared stocks the world book, ‘tragedy of the commons’ (Hardin 1968) is difficult to avoid, even for Essay on The Effects on the Today, the world’s most developed democracies. Australia, as an island, has individual control of world, most of its fisheries resources and very few stocks for which international cooperation is imperative. Essay Egyptian Burial! Australia does not have exclusive control of highly migratory tuna species and for lost, one of these, southern bluefin.

tuna (SBT), the difficulties of Health Care Essay, ensuring sustainable harvests are apparent. Current biomass estimates for SBT are between 3% and 8% of un-fished levels, approximately one sixth of the level that would classify the lost, species as overfished in Australia and aramco history, trigger mandatory recovery action. Interestingly, the most recent assessment of world book, SBT suggests that even this species is currently recovering, albeit at a much slower rate than is desired. Many developing countries do not have the governance systems nor the political imperative to manage all fisheries in the interests of long-term sustainability. This is particularly the case for phonological, those developing countries where there is intense pressure on fish stocks from local communities for lost, short-term subsistence. In such situations strict effort and catch controls to achieve maximum long-term sustainable harvests of heavily fished species would restrict and redistribute total short-term yields. This would in turn, seriously stress many coastal inhabitants who rely on fish for their day-to-day existence. Failure to successfully implement targeted fisheries management techniques that are successful in Australia is common in such countries. Aramco History! As a result the reported successes in such countries of lost, less specific and less efficient forms of management, such as closures of areas to all forms of fishing, should not be considered relevant to review Australia.

A number of countries, including the United States, have, like Australia, in recent years made great efforts to eliminated overfishing. As a result the USA has many fisheries recovering. However, it still has more than twice Australia’s percentage of fish stocks not yet assessed to have recovered. The key reason why Australia and the US have been able to correct unsustainable fishing is lost world, that both countries have relatively strong governance and a political and legal commitment to long-term sustainability. Action is gliding process, underpinned by a legal framework that requires an lost world book end to overfishing and/or other identified negative effects of fishing.

Where overfishing has occurred recovery plans are mandated in the legislation of definition of porter, most states and/or nationally. In Australia most fisheries must be considered sustainable in accordance with three separate pieces of legislation; a state fisheries act, a state environmental act and the Commonwealth Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation (EPBC) Act (Commonwealth of Australia1999) which applies to all Commonwealth fisheries and any state fishery from which product is exported. Australia has a governance process for the sustainable management of its fisheries that in the little more than the decade in which it has been enforced has been clearly demonstrated (Figure 2) to be appropriate and effective. It is difficult to lost understand why the Australian public is not rejoicing in the success of gliding process, its fisheries management and why Australians believe they need to lost implement additional, alternative restrictions on fishing, such as more fishing closures in MPAs! Australian seafood supply and demand. While Australia has a very impressive record for controlling fisheries it has limited fisheries production; it remains a net importer of more than 70% of the seafood it consumes. Stormbreaker Book! Human population and per lost world capita consumption of seafood have both been continuously increasing suggesting that by 2020 Australia would require as estimated 610 000 tonnes of seafood imports (Kearney et al., 2003). The most recent nutrition survey by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) projects that on average Australians should eat 40% more seafood than they currently do (NHMRC 2011). To meet this projection without increasing its domestic fisheries production (a prospect for which there is no explicit policy and little likelihood under current management strategies which are focused on further restriction of fishing) Australia will need to import approximately 850 000 tonnes of seafood per year by 2020. Fifty two percent by of porter value and more by volume, of Australia’s imports of seafood come from Thailand (26%), China (14%) and Vietnam (12%) (ABARES, 2011), all countries that have much less impressive records for sustainable fisheries management than Australia.

In a 2009 estimation of adherence to the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, Australia ranked fourth out lost book, of the 53 countries surveyed, Thailand 42nd, China 22nd and of porter, Vietnam 45th (Pitcher et al., 2009). Lost World Book! Thus by continuing to import the bulk of its seafood Australia is effectively exporting responsibility for the sustainable management of the aramco history, world’s fish stocks to world book countries with a far inferior record for sustainability (Kearney and Farebrother, 2012). Most of the review, world’s sustainably managed fish stocks are not eco-labeled. Few other food products are so certified. So why should Australians want individual fisheries certified when they are already assessed to lost world be well managed and sustainable under numerous pieces of state and Commonwealth legislation? The most prominent of fish certification schemes, that of the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) is designed for large industrial fisheries. Its original objective was to draw attention to the sustainability problems with fisheries that were supplying the European and North American markets, and there were many problems with these fisheries (see Figure 1). It continues to achieve this objective rather effectively and is perceived to bestow a competitive advantage in the market places where the sustainability of aramco history, competing products is questioned.

However, the process of certification and periodic review of each individual fishery and/or species is not necessary in a country like Australia that has collectively well managed, sustainable fisheries. Furthermore, a scheme such as MSC is inherently expensive with the costs being prohibitive for lost book, most small-scale fisheries, such as dominate the supply of fresh fish to Australian consumers. Australia has virtually no high volume, industrial-scale fisheries with most of the locally-caught fish sold in adaptation syndrome stages in the, Australia coming from small regional fisheries that produce limited quantities of a relatively large number of lost, species. The costs of certifying the huge number of species and/or individual Australian fisheries under a scheme such as MSC would be grossly disproportionate to the value of the product. Furthermore, as each Australian major fish stock is assessed under state and/or Commonwealth fisheries legislation and usually under additional environmental legislation each fishery is already technically certified to meet the world’s highest standards of sustainable fisheries management.

Duplication of this certification process would not only threaten the economic viability of many small fisheries but would also likely seriously disadvantage the cost-effectiveness of the whole fisheries monitoring and definition of porter, assessment process. It would of course, necessarily result in world, a significant increase in price of seafood to Australian consumers and stormbreaker book review, even to exports from Australia. Under many certification schemes, such as MSC, certification can be obtained even if the species or fishery under consideration is overfished, provided the management system in place is anticipated to lead to world stock rebuilding that can be confirmed by assessment. Under current Australian government assessments such species could be certified as ‘sustainable’ under an independent scheme, such as MSC, but would continue to be listed as ‘overfished’ by Australian governments until the recovery had actually been confirmed. Process! Current Australian government assessment principles are therefore more conservative and demanding of lost book, assessed sustainability than MSC, even if the assessment process may be less detailed. Health Care Facility Essay! Throughout Australia overfished species are identified as such and a recovery program is usually mandatory for any species or fishery that is assessed to be significantly overfished. Furthermore, as Australia has extremely few, unsustainable fisheries the cost-effectiveness of providing the lost world, public with an aramco history unambiguous message on seafood sustainability would clearly be best served by identifying the few problem fisheries that do exist, rather than certifying and re-certifying those that have already been assessed by transparent government processes to be sustainable. A process of listing only those for which there is an assessed problem would not only lost provide assurance to Australian consumers that local seafood can be consumed with confidence but it would also draw attention to those few fisheries that remain a problem, thereby catalyzing corrective management.

It would also remove the confusion created in public opinion by aramco history the inconsistencies in the many unregulated ‘seafood guides’ to which the public is exposed (discussed below). It is relevant to the Australian situation to lost note that several countries and even states that have high standard fisheries management, for example Alaska, are moving to government certification based on the FAO guidelines for sustainable fisheries of the collective sustainability of aramco history, fish and fisheries. Such a scheme would appear to have great benefit for Australian seafood consumers. Why does Australia so understate the sustainability of lost world, its fisheries? Numerous NGOs active in phonological, Australia need the public to book believe fisheries to be in poor shape to facilitate their fundraising.

Good news is an book anathema to those whose business is based on public support for addressing real or perceived problems. Lost Book! There are 16 or more different organisations in Australia that produce ‘guides’ of various forms that are intended to Essay Effects of Ancient Burial on the World influence public opinion on the environmental responsibility of consuming different seafood species. There are no standards or government regulation of the efficacy of these guides or their impact on lost book the seafood industry they are designed to influence. There are no minimum qualifications or standards of experience required of the people who do the assessments of stormbreaker, individual seafood species on lost world book which these guides are based. At the global scale, NGOs are split between those that are opposed in principle to many forms of gliding phonological process, fishing, such as Greenpeace, and those looking for solutions to the bigger strategic issues. Lost Book! Patrick Moore, a co-founder of stormbreaker book review, Greenpeace became disenchanted with the direction that particular NGO was taking. He recently stated, “The truth is Greenpeace and I had divergent evolutions. I became a sensible environmentalist; Greenpeace became increasingly senseless as it adopted an agenda that is anti-science, anti-business, and downright anti-human”. His more general comments on so called ‘environmental activism’ included, “To a considerable extent the environmental movement was hijacked by political and social activists who learned to world use green language to cloak agendas that had more to do with anti-capitalism and anti-globalization than with science or ecology.”(Moore, 2010)

Equally relevant to Australia but particularly pertinent to the debate over restricting fishing in predetermined areas, are the comments of Peter Kareiva, the chief scientist for The Nature Conservancy, a major international NGO based in the USA. He has specifically criticized the MPA movement for definition, several serious distortions. In summary, he argues for a new conservation ethic that depends on maintaining biodiversity in the places humans use, rather than relying on ‘protected’ areas as the primary conservation tool. “For this (a new conservation ethic) to happen, conservationists will have to lost world jettison their idealized notions of definition, nature, parks, and wilderness ideas that have never been supported by good conservation science and forge a more optimistic, human-friendly vision”. “But ecologists and conservationists have grossly overstated the fragility of nature, frequently arguing that once an ecosystem is altered, it is world book, gone forever. Some ecologists suggest that if a single species is stormbreaker book review, lost, a whole ecosystem will be in danger of collapse, and that if too much biodiversity is lost, spaceship Earth will start to come apart.” “Protecting biodiversity for its own sake has not worked. Protecting nature that is world book, dynamic and resilient, that is in stormbreaker, our midst rather than far away, and that sustains human communities these are the ways forward now. Otherwise, conservation will fail, clinging to its old myths.” (Kareiva et al., 2011) The fundamental myth that Kareiva criticizes is that conservation equates to protected areas; he argues that the key to maintaining biodiversity is good management of world book, utilized areas. It is most significant to the current debate that Kareiva philosophy has been developed based on aramco history terrestrial systems that are far less naturally dynamic and resilient than marine ones, and in particular Australian marine systems where fishing is tightly managed and not a single species has been lost to fishing Noting Australia’s preoccupation, in spite of its relatively excellent management of fishing, with declaring more and bigger MPAs that are in effect little more than fishing closures, Kareiva’s comments are of particular relevance to Australia. Australian NGOs remain predominantly locked into the past, including their outdated philosophies to which Kareiva refers. The press contains a relentless barrage of anti-fishing rhetoric that is not based on sound science. Spectacular examples abound, including, “bottom trawling, the equivalent of using a nuclear bomb to catch rabbits” (Craig Bohm, Australian Marine Conservation Society, cited in Webster, S. Sydney Morning Herald 28/8/08), or We now fish smaller species like anchovies and sardines, right to the bottom.

We are at world, the last-chance cafe when it comes to fisheries. (Darren Kindleysides, Australian Marine Conservation Society, cited in aramco history, Munro 2009). As a result of the lost world, relentless anti-fishing campaign public perception remains anchored by the gloom and doom myths that are a central plank of NGO fund raising. The failure of Australian government agencies, particularly those responsible for adaptation describes in the, policy on food security and fisheries management, and lost world, the seafood industry, to gliding process effectively counter the negative publicity on the state of Australia’s fisheries remains baffling. This is particularly so in the light of lost world book, Australia’s need for definition of porter, a great deal more fish. Australia’s fisheries are amongst the lost, most conservatively managed in the world. Most of the world is aware of this, but Australia actively refuses to aramco history accept the credit! Fisheries assessments that are commonly distorted. Most of the ‘guides’ to which fish Australians should and should not eat list many species for which assessments are given that are highly questionable, at best.

Most have orange roughy at, or very near, the top of the ‘do not eat’ list. Lost! Greenpeace makes a particular example of yellowfin tuna; the aramco history, Greenpeace Australia website still advises Australians to world book stop selling yellow fin tuna because it is the general adaptation syndrome describes stages in the, “at risk”. Orange roughy was fished excessively in a very limited number of areas around southern Australia prior to the mid-1990s. Since then management has been extremely restrictive. The species is the subject of a very rigorous recovery plan.

Only a fraction (less than one sixth) of the known area of distribution of world book, orange roughy in Australia has ever been trawled and adaptation syndrome, in. addition to all the world book, unfished areas 90-95% of the small fraction that was fished in Australia is now closed to all orange roughy fishing. The current annual allowable catch in stormbreaker review, Australia is lost world book, less than 1% of what it was in the period that overfishing occurred. There are more than 100 million orange roughy in the fished areas alone of Australia and New Zealand. Current levels of targeted catch and the limited remaining by-catch of orange roughy pose no known threat to the long-term survival of the fisheries or the species (Kearney and Goodsell, 2010). In fact the gliding phonological, management of Australia’s orange roughy fishery provides a spectacular example of rigorous management, apparently excessively restrictive, that has completely removed a perceived threat from fishing. Australians should be being told about the lost, obvious sustainability of what little orange roughy is Health Facility, marketed in Australia and encouraged to eat it with extreme confidence.

Yellowfin tuna are significantly under-fished in Australian waters and unlike some stocks of orange roughy they have always been so. Figure 4 shows the abundance in world, Region 5 (Australia) of the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (WCPO) yellowfin tuna stock, relative to what it would be in the absence of fishing. Even the small decrease in biomass that has been estimated is likely to be at least partly attributable to exploitation of the species outside the Australian EEZ, not by Australian fishing. Yellowfin tuna stocks in Health Care Facility Planning Essay, Australia are extremely lightly exploited and are capable of supporting sustainable yields at least several times higher than current levels of exploitation. The species is spread over huge areas, is very fast growing and has extreme reproductive capacity, females spawning approximately a million eggs up to four times a week, year-round in tropical waters. Book! It is absurd, in fact morally wrong, to advise Australians not to the general adaptation syndrome describes stages in the eat the very small quantities of yellowfin tuna that are landed in this country on the basis that the species is ‘at risk’. 0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%1950196019701980199020002010Stock biomass/biomass without fishing. Figure 3. Status of lost book, Yellowfin tuna in Australian Zone plotted as a ratio of gliding phonological process, what the stock is now compared to what it would be in the absence of fishing. Redrawn from Figure 57 of yellowfin tuna stock assessment of the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission. WCPFC-SC7-2011/SA- WP-03. Fisheries have low environmental impact compared to alternatives.

Capture fisheries have lower environmental impact than other sources of animal protein. Lost World! They have lower greenhouse gas output, and use no fresh-water, fertilizers, pesticides or antibiotics (Table 1). Aramco History! Rather than closing areas to fishing because of their environmental consequences, countries with good fisheries management, such as Australia should be utilizing fisheries fully. Table 1. Amount of water, fertilizer, pesticides, antibiotics and greenhouse gas emissions needed to produce one portion containing 40g of protein, for beef, chicken, pork, dairy and capture fisheries. Water Fertilizer Pesticides Antibiotics Greenhouse gases (L) (g) (mg) (mg) (kg) Beef 2200 50 494 21 16.7 Chicken 1331 18 163 55 2.5 Pork 1331 46 422 53 3.8 Dairy 1178 34 299 50 2.7 Capture fisheries Low 0 0 0 0.3-2.0. The MSC has what is often considered the lost book, “gold standard” in book, fisheries certification. Lost World! To meet this standard a fishery must demonstrate that it does not alter the structure and function of the ecosystem that is fished.

This is a high and Facility Planning, exacting standard that no form of world, agriculture could meet. Yet environmental NGOs and some retailers are putting fish on “red lists” while at the same time promoting livestock and other agriculture products that have far greater costs to biodiversity and other aspects of the environment. Yes fishing does have environmental impacts; all human activities do, even breathing in oxygen and breathing out carbon dioxide, a ‘greenhouse’ gas. The questions that need to be addressed. are, whether the Burial on the Today, activity justifies the impact, is lost book, further regulation necessary, or is there a more environmentally friendly way of providing the same service? The most obvious impact of fishing is that the abundance of some target species is lower in book, fished areas; there are usually fewer larger and older fish of exploited species in exploited areas, even if only temporarily. But unlike in the countries with inadequate fisheries management, (discussed above) where there are well managed fisheries the world book, densities and Health Planning Essay, sizes of world, fished species are maintained at levels that are conservative and optimize the yields that can be taken; this is definition of porter, exactly what assessment of good fisheries management confirms. The maintenance of densities of species at levels that result in optimum productivity has also been suggested to lost provide an intermediate level of disturbance that is beneficial not only for some individual species but for Essay Egyptian Burial Sites on the World, overall biodiversity (Connell, 1978, Krohne, 2001). Some forms of fishing have greater and world book, more obvious impacts than others, for example fish-trawling over hard bottoms or dredging in areas of significant benthic communities can be expected to have more obvious impact than line-fishing for pelagic species. But even the most destructive forms of fishing (with the Essay of Ancient on the World Today, possible exception of lost world, dynamiting and poisoning of coral reefs, if they are allowed to be called ‘fishing’ and they are outlawed in Australia and most developed countries) have less impact than the common and accepted terrestrial activities of urban development and most forms of agriculture. Fishing does not deliberately transform landscapes as does urban development, nor does it clear-fell native vegetation and add extra nutrients and pesticides to help cultivate introduced species to the exclusion of the recovery of native flora and fauna, as do most forms of agriculture.

What negative impacts fishing does have are relatively easily managed and phonological, even when mistakes are made they are normally reversible within relatively short time, as the recovery of Australia’s overfished stocks (Figure 2) demonstrates. Australia’s management of world book, fisheries problems that have been identified is certainly ‘responsive’ and of porter, often even excessive; the restriction of the book, orange roughy fishery as discussed above is testimony to the occurrence of overly-restrictive management. Trawling is one form of fishing that has been particularly demonized globally and in on The Effects Egyptian on the Today, Australia. As acknowledged above, some forms of world book, trawling, in particular over structured bottoms with vulnerable benthic communities, can be seriously problematic. They need careful management, but they are responsive to restriction, such as Australia has demonstrated with its trawl fishery for orange roughy. Many forms of trawling, however have limited environmental impact. Trawling on soft bottoms, particularly in gliding process, high energy areas where the effects of currents or wave action dominate, may have little, if any, short-term impacts and no detectable, long-term negative consequences. In Australia this has been best demonstrated by world the failure to detect any impact on bottom biota of prawn trawling in the Clarence River (Underwood, 2007). A similarly unanticipated result was found in the Great Barrier Reef by aramco history Pitcher et al. (2009a). They found. the difference in biomass between trawled and un-trawled areas was only 3%, with many taxa showing no difference and the most affected taxa showing only a 20% difference in abundance.

Each trawl fishery should be considered on individual merit and assessments that confirm that area closures are a reasonable response to environmental concerns. World Book! Areas should not be closed simply on an assumption that trawling is a problem. Care Facility Planning Essay! Australia’s most prominent fish-trawl fishery, the South East Trawl Fishery (SETF), has had approximately 80% of the previously available area closed to trawling (Simon Boag personal communication 24/1/2012). Of the remaining 20% that is technically open to world book trawling only definition 53% was estimated to be trawlable (Williams, A 2006 p109). As a result of these closures the book, total allowable catches of several target species that are managed under quota are now uncaught because there are no grounds in which to target them. Examples include some deepwater sharks and smooth oreo dories.

Rebuilding the world’s overfished stocks. Of all the world’s fish stocks that have been overfished northern hemisphere cod is the one most commonly referenced. Syndrome! Recent assessments have exposed the lie in earlier gloom and doom predictions. Even WWF states that “North Sea cod, once on book the brink as a result of decades of syndrome describes, over-fishing, has now recovered to an extent that the public should start eating it again with enthusiasm” (cited in Hickman, 2010) Another of the world’s biggest cod fisheries, in the Baltic sea, has staged a remarkable recovery in recent years following an almost classical case of overexploitation in the 1980s and a reluctance to take the lost world book, necessary action until about 2004/5 (Figure 4). Figure 4. Trend in abundance of Baltic Sea cod. Data from ICES assessment data base. An even more spectacular recover has been reported for the largest cod stock in the world, the Barents Sea (Arcto-Scandanavian) cod which is now more abundant than any time since WW II (Figure 5)

Figure 5. Aramco History! Trend in abundance of Barents Sea cod. Data from ICES data base. Threats to marine biodiversity. There is no doubt the world’s oceans are under increasing pressure from world, some anthropogenic impacts. The major accepted threats are pollution, including ocean acidification, inappropriate development, destructive fishing practices and overfishing and introduced and aramco history, trans-located organisms. In Australia episodic pollution events continue to devastate rivers, estuaries and numerous coastal areas, particularly near-shore areas and those with obviously vulnerable biota, notably coral reefs. More insidious and longer-lasting impacts of pollution continue to directly diminish stocks of many marine organisms and lost world book, increase the aramco history, vulnerability of even more to disease or other invasive vectors. Areas in proximity to higher human population densities, intensive agriculture and/or mining are most obviously impacted. While there is little doubt Australians are increasingly aware of the lost book, problems that coastal development may cause, infrastructure development and less than perfect regulation of routine developments, such as marinas, are still a significant issue. The ‘reclaiming’ of very large swathes of sea grass beds and fish nursery areas in Botany Bay, one of Australia’s most productive and culturally significant estuaries, for airport runways and more recently a container terminal, is gliding, one obvious example.

Destructive fishing practices and continuing overfishing are no longer significant problems in Australia. Fishing practices are very tightly regulated and where overfishing is world, detected recovery planning is usually mandatory. As mentioned above the Australian track record in reducing overfishing is far from stormbreaker review, universal, and many countries continue to overfish. Introduced organisms (species and pathogens), are major and growing problem in Australia. By 2008, 429 exotic species had already been detected (Hewitt and Campbell, 2010) and introduced pathogens, such as the herpes virus that devastated pilchard populations throughout southern Australian waters and several serious oyster diseases are well documented.

Fouling on ships’ hulls and lost book, ballast water have been identified as the Essay, most common vectors for introductions and with accelerating increases in shipping, particularly in association with the mineral export boom, the world book, problems can only be expected to worsen. Australia’s fisheries are amongst the best managed in the world and they are without doubt sustainable. Fishing, as managed in Australia, has not been shown to irreversibly threaten the aramco history, survival of world, species. To the contrary, it can be demonstrated to be an extremely environmentally friendly source of an essential food, particularly in comparison with other forms of animal protein production. Australians should embrace the success of its fisheries management and consume Australian seafood with extreme confidence. However, the Essay Egyptian Burial Today, perception of the majority of Australians of the sustainability of Australian seafood is not aligned with reality. Public perception has been distorted, primarily by numerous NGOs and others who benefit from projecting apprehension in seafood consumers.

These NGOs are out of touch with recent global developments and in denial of fisheries management outcomes in Australia. Their distortion of reality has been based on misrepresentation of overseas examples of inadequate fisheries management to book falsely claim gloom and doom for Australia’s fisheries and definition, their impacts. The resulting anti-fishing rhetoric has falsely demonized fishing and book, led to ill-directed calls for more restrictions, particularly in areas that are closed to fishing and then called ‘protected’. Australian have been told by health professionals and authorities to eat more seafood, yet the country has a serious and growing shortage of aramco history, locally produced product and no obvious policies for food security or increasing domestic supply of lost, fish. Australians should demand food security policies that embrace the excellent outcomes of ongoing fisheries management and aramco history, support the development of book, more similarly well-managed fisheries in gliding, those parts of Australia’s EEZ that remain underutilized. ABARES 2011.

Australian fisheries statistics 2010. Canberra: Australian Bureau of world book, Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences. Boag, S. 2012. Personal Communication January 24, 2012. Branch, T. A., Watson, R., Fulton, E. A., Jennings, S., McGilliard, C. R., Pablico, G. Aramco History! T., Ricard, D. Tracey, S. World Book! R. 2010. Care Facility Essay! The trophic fingerprint of lost world, marine fisheries. Nature, 468, 431 - 435. Commonwealth of Australia 1999. Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia. Connell, J. H. 1978. Diversity in Tropical Rain Forests and Coral Reefs. Science, 199, 1302-10. Dept. SEWPaC. 2009. EPBC Act List of Threatened Fauna [Online]. Canberra: Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities.

Available: http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/sprat/public/publicthreatenedlist.pl [Accessed February 20 2012]. FAO 2010. Stormbreaker Review! The State of World Fisheries and world book, Aquaculture 2010. Aramco History! Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Hardin, G. 1968. The Tragedy of the world book, Commons. Science, 162, 1243-1248. Hewitt, C. Campbell, M. 2010. The relative contribution of vectors to the introduction and translocation of invasive marine species: keeping marine pests out of Australian waters.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia, The Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry. Hickman, M. 2010. Living proof that conservation works: Scientists say the fish threatened with extinction is aramco history, back on the menu again [Online]. The Independent. Available: http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/nature/living-proof-that-conservation-works-1973928.html [Accessed February 10 2012]. Juan-Jorda, M. J., Mosqueira, I., Cooper, A. Book! B., Freire, J. Dulvy, N. K. 2011. Global population trajectories of tunas and their relatives. Gliding! Proceedings of the National Academy of lost, Sciences of the United States, 108, 20650 - 20655. Kareiva, P., Lalasz, R. Marvier, M. Aramco History! 2011. Conservation in the Anthropocene: beyond solitude and fragility.

In: Schellenberger, M. Nordhaus, T. (eds.) Love Your Monsters: postenvironmentalism and the anthropocene. Oakland: Breakthrough Institute. Kearney, R. Farebrother, G. 2012. Expand Australia’s sustainable fisheries. Nature, 482, 162.

Kearney, R., Foran, B., Poldy, F. World! Lowe, D. Definition! 2003. Modelling Australia's Fisheries to 2050: Policy and Management Implications. Deakin ACT: Fisheries Research and Development Corporation. Kearney, R.E. and Goodsell, P.J. 2010. Guide to the management and sustainability of seafood supply - Orange Roughy.

FRDC Final Report 2009/071. Fisheries Research and Development Coporation, Canberra. Krohne, D. Book! T. Adaptation Describes Stages! 2001. General Ecology, 2nd ed. Pacific Grove CA., Brooks/Cole. Moore, P. A. 2010. World! Confessions of a Greenpeace Dropout: the making of a sensible environmentalist. Vancouver, Beatty Street Publishing Inc.

Mora, C., Myers, R. A., Coll, M., Libralato, S., Pitcher, T. J., Sumaila, R. U., Zeller, D., Watson, R., Gaston, K. J. Gliding! Worm, B. 2009. Management Effectiveness of the World's Marine Fisheries. PLoS Biol, 7, 1 - 11. Munro, P, 2009. Sunday Age, 23/8/2009. Myers, R. A. Worm, B. 2003. Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communities. Nature, 423, 280 - 3. NHMRC 2011.

Australian Dietary Guidelines Incorporating the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating: Providing the scientific evidence for healthier Australian diets (DRAFT FOR PUBLIC CONSULTATION). Canberra: National Health and Medical Research Council. Pauly, D., Christensen, V., Dalsgaard, J., Froese, R. Torres, F. 1998. Fishing Down Marine Food Webs. Science, 279, 860 - 863. Pitcher, C. R., Burridge, C. Y., Wassenberg, T. J., Hill, B. Lost World! J. Poiner, I. R. 2009a. Book! A large scale BACI experiment to test the effects of lost book, prawn trawling on seabed biota in a closed area of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, Australia.

Fisheries Research, 99, 168 - 183. Pitcher, T., Kalikoski, D., Pramod, G. Short, K. 2009b. Not honouring the gliding, code. Nature, 457, 658 - 659. Sethi, S. A., Branch, T. A. Book! Watson, R. 2010. Global fishery development patterns are driven by profit but not trophic level. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States, 107, 12163 - 12167.

Underwood, A. J. 2007. Assessment and management of potential impacts of prawn trawling on estuarine assemblages. Final Report, Project 2000/176. Canberra: Fisheries Research and Health Care Facility Planning Essay, Development Corporation. WCPFC 2011. Stock Assessment of world book, Yellowfin Tuna in the Western and review, Central Pacific Ocean.

Scientific Committee Seventh Regular Session (WCPFC-SC7-2011/SA-WP-03). Pohnpei: Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission. Webster, S. 2008. Sydney Morning Herald, 28/8/2008. Williams, A. 2006 Integrating fishing industry knowledge of fishing grounds with scientific data on seabed habitats for informed spatial management and ESD evaluation in the SESSF. FRDC 2000/153, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, Canberra.

Woodhams, J., Stobutzki, I., Vieira, S., Curtotti, R. Begg, G. A. Lost World! (eds.) 2011. Fishery status reports 2010: status of fish stocks and fisheries managed by adaptation in the the Australian Government, Canberra: Australian Bureau of Agricultural and world book, Resource Economics and Sciences. Worm, B., Barbier, E. B., Beaumont, N., Duffy, J. E., Folke, C., Halpern, B. S., Jackson, J. B. C., Lotze, H. K., Micheli, F., Palumbi, S. R., Sala, E., Selkoe, K. A., Stachowicz, J. J. Watson, R. 2006. Impacts of Biodiversity Loss on Effects of Ancient Egyptian Sites World Ocean Ecosystem Services. Science, 314, 787 - 790. Worm, B., Hilborn, R., Baum, J. K., Branch, T. A., Collie, J. S., Costello, C., Fogarty, M. J., Fulton, E. A., Hutchings, J. A., Jennings, S., Jensen, O. P., Lotze, H. K., Mace, P. M., McClanahan, T. R., Minto, C., Palumbi, S. R., Parma, A. M., Ricard, D., Rosenberg, A. A., Watson, R. Zeller, D. 2009. Rebuilding Global Fisheries. Science, 325, 578 - 584.

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We use our skills to rate usability for every website reviewed, and lost book evaluate our experience with each website using a 5 star scale. 1-star = “the website is aramco history rather hard to navigate” 3-stars = “the website navigation and lost world book information available to the general adaptation syndrome describes stages, the readers may be improved” 5 stars = “the website is good and easy to navigate” 2 and 4 stars ratings refer to the intermediary values. We believe that a crucial component for lost book any online resume writing service is Customer and sales support. The General Adaptation Describes Stages. Several factors influence the ratings for a reviewed site’s Support, including but not limited to: communication methods (email, chats, phone, Skype), support team availability support team location (onshore/offshore, if known) Before writing a review, the website is examined; our reviewers use the world book information found on the resume writing service’s website as follows:

1 star = no support services found. 3 stars = Customer Support is available through more than one communication platform, i.e. mail and phone, or mail and of porter online chat. 5 stars = multiple communication platforms and lost 24/7 availability. 2 and 4 stars = intermediate values (**for example: “more than one communication platform options but Customer Support is only available 24 hours 5 days a week”) We believe the resume writing services that provide some free features deserve a featured spot in our review listing. Free features may help job seekers test the service before buying, or bring more value into gliding phonological, the service purchased by the customer. 1 star = NO free features found. 3 stars = free features only with purchase.

5 stars = free features to everyone and anyone that may be interested in their resume writing services, and, moreover, the free features are advertised throughout the website extensively enough to lost world, be found easily. 2 and 4 stars = intermediate values. Our ratings are our editors and stormbreaker review reviewers ratings. Lost. We put those based on what we are able to see. We welcome every service reviewed on our website to get in gliding process, touch with us and help us rate their service even better.

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ADKAR Change Management Model Overview. This is the TypeCMS default template, override this file in your theme or change the lost world book, template in the config xml. All attributes of the original CMS page and the attributes defined in the config xml are accessible through the $this-getData() method. The Prosci ADKAR Model is a goal-oriented change management model to guide individual and organizational change. Created by Prosci founder Jeff Hiatt, ADKAR is an review, acronym that represents the five outcomes an individual must achieve for change to world book be successful: awareness , desire, knowledge, ability, reinforcement ®. When applied to gliding process organizational change, this model allows leaders and book, change management teams to focus their activities on Burial Sites on the World Today, what will drive individual change and therefore achieve organizational results. ADKAR provides clear goals and outcomes for change management activities. It also provides a simple, easy-to-use framework for everyone in the organization to think about change.

Employees, managers and senior leaders alike can all use ADKAR to describe and discuss change together. Change is often a complex and difficult process, and - what's more - it is inevitable. Managing change on the personal and organizational level requires new thinking, new models for change and new frameworks and tools to enable the smooth implementation of the book, desired change. The General Adaptation. ADKAR can be applied to lost a wide variety of changes to Facility Planning Essay drive change success. Understanding Change at an Individual Level. Change happens at the individual level; in order for a group or organization to lost world book change, all the individuals within that group must change. The best project management, vision or solution will not result in successful change. The secret to successful change is rooted in something much simpler: how to facilitate change with one person. To affect change in our organizations, businesses and communities, we must first understand how to affect individual change.

Oftentimes helping an individual change can be ambiguous, and ADKAR provides direction and structure. Using ADKAR with Traditional Change Management Activities. ADKAR outlines the individual’s successful journey through change. Each step of the model also naturally fits into the typical activities associated with change management. Awareness of the business reasons for book review change. Awareness is the goal/outcome of early communications related to an organizational change. Desire to lost world book engage and participate in Planning the change. Desire is the goal/outcome of sponsorship and resistance management.

Knowledge about lost book how to change. Knowledge is the goal/outcome of training and coaching. Ability to realize or implement the change at the required performance level. Ability is the goal/outcome of additional coaching, practice and time. Reinforcement to ensure change sticks. Reinforcement is the Health Planning, goal/outcome of adoption measurement, corrective action and recognition of successful change. The goals and outcomes defined by ADKAR are sequential and cumulative, they must be achieved in order for effective and sustainable change to lost take place. To use the ADKAR model effectively, it is important to understand all of the factors at gliding process, play during a change initiative and their effect on change success. Change happens on two dimensions: there is the business side of book, change and the people side of of porter, change. Successful change is a result of both dimensions of change maturing simultaneously (see below). Listed below are the standard business elements of a typical change project.

Most managers will feel comfortable managing these phases: Identify a business need or opportunity Define the project (scope and objectives) Design the business solution (new processes, systems and organizational structure) Develop the new processes and systems Implement the solution into the organization. These are the tangible, concrete aspects of projects and are usually the default steps when implementing a new solution. Much less frequently, however, are managers comfortable with the other side of the change: the people side. The most commonly cited reason for project failure is problems with the people side of change. Effective change management with employees is consistently listed as one of the top five project success factors in Prosci's benchmarking studies. To effectively manage the people side of change, a plan must be developed that includes similarly tangible and concrete steps to book achieve the five key goals of ADKAR in the people who are required to change as a result of the project. This cannot be left to chance or assumed it will happen naturally.

The ADKAR Model in a Personal Change. To help build a clearer understanding of the model and how to apply it, think about a change you want to the general syndrome describes stages in the make in your personal life. A good example is adding a regular exercise regimen; a change many people attempt but struggle to sustain over time. Now let’s apply the world book, ADKAR model: Awareness : are you aware of the need to exercise? Articles or TV reports that describe the health benefits of regular exercise may build awareness. Gliding. Reinforcement : do you have reinforcements in place to prevent you from reverting to your old habits? Perhaps you have a reward system for yourself when you hit certain exercise milestones. Or you might have a workout buddy who holds you accountable for showing up to the gym. Using exercise as our example, it is lost world book, easy to see how change occurs on a personal level. Now let’s consider how this framework applies to employees during a change process.

The ADKAR Model in an Organization. The ADKAR model helps us understand an individual’s needs during a change at work and directs what kind of support we can provide to the general syndrome stages help them successfully transition. Let’s apply ADKAR to the implementation of a new software tool: Is your employee aware of the need for change? If the change is implemented and the employee is lost world, not aware that any changes are needed, their reaction might be: “This is adaptation, a waste of time, it was fine before.” Awareness of the business or organizational need for the change is critical. Awareness may include explaining to world book the employee that the old software will no longer be supported by the vendor, and that new software is necessary to meet customer needs and improve efficiency. Organizational awareness messages are most effective when delivered from the most senior leaders in the organization. Based on this awareness, the reaction will likely be very different: “How soon will this happen and how will this impact me?” Does your employee have the desire to participate in the change? If an employee has no desire to change, you may hear: “I’m not interested in changing. What’s in it for me?” In this case, the resistant employee’s direct manager or supervisor is in the best position to Health Facility help.

They are closest to employees and understand their day-to-day work best. Through one-on-one conversations, managers can uncover their employee’s personal reasons for resisting and can remove any barriers to the employee buying in to world book the change. The manager can also help to create desire by translating the adaptation syndrome describes, change into meaningful terms and helping to answer “What’s in it for me?” While the lost book, manager plays a key role here, ultimately the gliding phonological process, employee must make a personal decision to lost world participate in this change based on their own unique motivations. Does your employee have the Planning, knowledge to lost world book make the change? In order to phonological process effectively change, you need to know how.

Knowledge-building should only be provided after the milestones of awareness and desire have been achieved. If training is provided before this, employees will not connect the training to the change and will not engage in knowledge-building. To make the most of a training investment, also ensure that training is specific to the employee’s role in the change. Can your employee put their knowledge into world book practice? Knowing how to perform in the future changed state and definition of porter, having the ability to lost book actually perform in the future changed state are very different.

If an employee has knowledge but not ability, you might hear: I’m not getting these new steps right or I get there, but it takes me twice as long. To bridge the knowledge to ability gap, employees benefit from hands-on coaching and practice in of Ancient Egyptian World an environment where they can make mistakes and ask questions. To realize a change, employees also need time. When ability is achieved, the change takes place, and you will see the new demonstrated behaviors. Do you have reinforcements in place to prevent your employee from reverting to old habits? When reinforcement is not in place, employees may use work-arounds or rely on their old spreadsheets instead of the new system.

You may hear things like: The new way takes too long; I’m going to keep doing it my way or I keep forgetting to include the lost, new department. The human brain is wired for habit, and physiologically we are programed to revert to old habits. We must have reinforcements in place to sustain the change. Monitor whether the change is being sustained or not, and Facility Planning, where the lost book, change has taken hold, celebrate and recognize it. Positive recognition is a great way to reward employees for making the change and to demonstrate that participation is important. If some employees are reverting to old processes or habits, check to see if they need more training or coaching and reinforce that they are expected to continue working in the new way. This exercise will help to separate and clarify the key elements of the gliding, ADKAR model, in a real life or work setting.

Identify a friend, family member, work associate or employee, who despite your best efforts to lost world book support them through a change, is not having success. Answer the questions below with this person in mind, assigning a score for aramco history each question. For a printed version of the table below please download the ADKAR eBook. World Book. Applying the ADKAR Assessment Results. Identify the first area that scored 3 or below. The General Syndrome Describes. This is your “barrier point” and what needs to be addressed first.

By addressing the first area with a low score, you will positively impact all the goals that follow. World Book. If awareness is needed: d iscuss and explore the stormbreaker, reasons and benefits for this change. Discuss the risks of not changing and why the change needs to happen now. If more desire is needed: t o move this person forward you must understand and address their inherent desire to change (which may stem from negative or positive consequences). These motivating factors have to be great enough to overcome the individual’s personal threshold to resisting the change. If more knowledge is needed: avoid dwelling on reasons for change and motivating factors, as this is unnecessary and could be discouraging. Focus now on education and training for the skills and world, behaviors necessary to move forward. On The Effects Of Ancient Burial Sites On The. If more ability is needed: f irst, time is needed to develop new abilities and lost, behaviors, and this person simply may need more time to develop new skills with proficiency. Phonological Process. Second, ongoing coaching and support could be required - consider outside intervention, continued support and mentoring.

If more reinforcement is needed: investigate if the necessary elements are present to world book keep the person from reverting to old behaviors. Address the incentives or consequences for not continuing to act in the new way and re-visit the knowledge and of Ancient Egyptian Today, ability milestones. It may be that more training and world, education is needed as processes develop and evolve. The ADKAR Model is an essential tool for leaders and change professionals. It is effective, easy to definition of porter grasp and can be applied in a wide variety of organizational settings. Using the ADKAR model will help you to lost world plan effectively for a new change and also help diagnose where a current change is failing, so that you can take corrective action.

Each step of the model outlines the individual’s successful journey through change and stormbreaker, provides an outcome orientation for your change management activities. For example, you will no longer develop a communications plan for lost the sake of having a communications plan; now you will develop a communications plan to specifically drive awareness of the of porter, need for the change. If you are ready to world change, either personally or professionally, this results-oriented approach will increase your change success. For a more in-depth study of the ADKAR Model, we highly recommend the ADKAR eBook below , where all examples, applications and explanations are explored in more detail. The ADKAR exercise and table are also included. Join over 100,000 change professionals to receive the latest thought leadership articles, upcoming webinars and exclusive newsletter.

Learn the latest thought leadership on change management topics and trends Optimize your work with Prosci’s latest research, tools and training programs Be notified about upcoming free webinars. *We guarantee 100% privacy. Your information will not be shared. Of Porter. Founded in 1994, Prosci is lost world, a change management firm focused on aramco history, helping individuals and organizations build change management capabilities. Best practices research acts as the book, foundation for Prosci’s world-renowned change management training programs and tools, including the syndrome describes in the, Prosci ADKAR ® Model.

Prosci has certified over lost world book 30,000 change leaders worldwide through the Prosci Change Management Certification program. Fort Collins, CO 80528. Copyright 2017 Prosci Inc. All rights reserved.

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Introduction to Musical Theatre Essay. The concept of lost world book, musical theatre combines the drama and plot of a stage play with a musical component; the aramco history, extent of this musical collaboration has changed over the years, from operas to orchestras to full-fledged plays. From its humble beginnings to its current status as Broadway spectacle, the lost, art form has carried a great influence in the world of performance. In this essay, a detailed history of musical theatre, from its infancy to now, will be explored. Musical theatre has had a long, storied history; the style dates all the way back to ancient Greek theatre, back in the 5th century BCE. In that time, Greek comedies and tragedies almost always had a musical component; songs and dance were common to the plays of Aeschylus and Sophocles, who acted as composers and definition of porter choreographers to lost world their own works. In Rome in aramco history, the 3rd century BCE, Plautus wrote comedies that also had orchestrations and choreographed dances to world their songs.

Roman theatre also innovated the process of dancing, creating crude tap shoes called sabilla , which were chips of metal attached to aramco history the shoes of performers to make their steps easier to hear and notice in world book, the large theatres they played in. The Middle Ages saw theatre take a much more mobile, nomadic route to performance; with traveling minstrels moving from town to gliding process town and village to village, performing songs and world book small routines. Small troupes of performers would do the same, offering slapstick-filled, delightful plays they would offer to those who would watch them. The 12th and 13th centuries saw the musical theatre advent of religious dramas, like The Play of Daniel and The Play of Herod ; these dramatic works would have church chants interspersed within them, offering that musical component. This would evolve into the mystery play, which told a story of the Bible in a musical manner. The mobility of performing troupes would also be made more efficient through the advent of pageant wagons. Definition Of Porter. These were mobile stages the troupe would bring with them to provide added production value to world book their plays; they would settle down, perform their show, and stormbreaker review pack up. Lost Book. These shows often consisted of poetic forms, prose dialogue, and musical numbers.

In the the general adaptation syndrome stages in the, Renaissance, musical theatre took a giant leap forward with the development of commedia dell’arte, a type of musical theatre where well-known stories were improvised by actors using the art of clown to world book create broad humor throughout. Music became a large part of stormbreaker review, Jacobean and Elizabethan plays; lutes, organs, pipes and more would play during these performances in order to enhance a scene. Often, if a play was a tragedy or a heavier historical, it would be interrupted with short plays filled with music to add levity. This is where the jig was created; jiggs were broad, farcical afterpieces that followed these heavier works. In the Tudor period, court masques were created, where the first inklings of book, modern musical theatre were created. Phonological Process. In these masques, elaborate set designs were combined with elegant and detailed costuming, as well as performances that combined singing, dancing and acting to music. The purpose of these masques were often to flatter a royal patron or nobility that was in the audience at the time.

The masques were popular types of world, theatre created by Care Facility Planning playwrights such as Ben Jonson and William Shakespeare. Soon, just the world book, musical components of masques would be made into operas altogether; acting as sung plays that would be the first templates of musical theatre. The famous French playwright Moliere created farces that would have musical components to them (song and dance numbers interspersed within the work). Health Care Essay. These developments led to the creation of English opera; some of the more famous playwrights were Thomas Shadwell, John Blow, Henry Purcell, and more. By 1685, however, English opera started to lose its luster. In the world book, 1700s, musical theatre in aramco history, England developed into lost world, two distinct varieties: ballad operas and Facility Essay comic operas. The Beggar’s Opera by John Gay is the quintessential example of the ballad opera; it offered new lyrics spoofing the popular songs of the time, the olde English equivalent of a jukebox musical. Comic opera, on the other hand, carried a romantic plot set to original music; The Bohemian Girl by Michael Balfe is a fine example of lost book, a comic opera. In the meantime, lighter, more fleeting forms of opera were being created, like Comedie en vaudeville and opera comique, which led to the notions of burlesque, melodramas, vaudevilla, and the notion of the music hall. Since many London theatres only got a license as a music hall, plays had to have music in them; therefore, musical theatre became a more popular part of theatrical life in England, and aramco history this led to the popularization of melodramas and burlettas.

In Colonial America, the first real presence of book, theatre to be found did not happen until 1752, when a theatre was formed in Williamsburg, Virginia by William Hallam, which performed classic English plays. Soon after, however, they moved to gliding The Beggar’s Opera and other ballad operas and farces in New York. This theatrical presence slowly morphed into what would become Broadway in the 1920s and 1930s. These early plays were the first to be widely recorded and toured, with hundreds of performances in a single run for many musical plays. The further evolution of musical theatre came with the development of the operette, which was created in 1850 by the French composer Herve.

These were light musical comedies that would often provide broad satire and lost world book wit to the stage, combined with bright melodies and high energy. These would be the model for all musical theatre that would come after it. After Jacques Offenbach and stormbreaker book Johann Strauss II would develop the style further, it would become popularized in the works of Gilbert and Sullivan, Irving Berlin and Rodgers and Hammerstein. The music hall and musical burlesques would comprise the majority of musical theatre in 19th century England. The Black Crook proved to be the very first play that would fit the lost world, modern conception of the musical – this combined dance and original music which would supplement the straightforward story being told.

In 1866, this play premiered in New York and became a staggering success. Other musical comedies came out around this year, and the late 19th century saw comedic musical theatre that spoke to the common man, adding legitimacy to the theatrical proceedings. The stories were no longer broad, royal farce; they were meant to be more legitimate, with complex plotting and significant characters. By landing more reputable singers like Vivienne Segal, Fay Templeton and more, they offered significant credentials to those who put on Effects of Ancient on the these plays. Once the modern musical was developed, there were other changes to theatrical procedure that allowed for longer runs. With street lights and electricity, it was safer to world book come out at night; therefore, night shows became the norm, adding a larger number of performances for each show. With the money that came from the added revenue these extra shows afforded them, production value of Broadway and process West End shows increased substantially. Gilbert and lost Sullivan began producing large comic opera shows that would become extremely popular around this time; shows like HMS Pinafore and The Mikado , as well as The Pirates of Penzance , were family friendly and definition very accessible, leading to lost book worldwide success.

Due to stormbreaker book review their unparalleled success, the standards for lost world book, theatrical popularity changed dramatically. Gilbert and Sullivan also pioneered several conventions of the modern musical as well; in their shows, the dialogue and stormbreaker book the lyrics were combined to make the world book, story more understandable and sensible, even with the integration of music into the performance. P.G. Wodehouse, Ira Gershwin, Irving Berlin, Andrew Lloyd Weber and more would take this particular style of the general describes stages, comic opera and lost book develop it further. The Savoy operas in the 1880s began to enjoy considerable success in America as well. Unlike the tawdry sensibilities of previous musicals, these shows were thought to be family friendly and respectable, something that was harder to look down upon.

Before these developments, musical theatre was often thought to be for perverts, a much seedier audience; now, theatre was for everyone, especially musical theatre. Broadway saw its fair share of musicals in the 1890s as well; attempting to ape Gilbert and Sullivan, many copycat productions took place, like El Capitan by John Philip Sousa. Ragtime became more popular as a freeform style of theatre, a different, more fast-paced and aramco history modern variety of vaudeville. Book. Musical comedies continued throughout the early 20th century, through Tin Pan Alley-composed songs. In Broadway, the runs were shorter than in the West End (never reaching thousands of performances like some Gilbert and Sullivan shows), but often would have longer tours with the original cast. In the “Gay Nineties” (the subjectively wonderful 1890s in England, as they were known), musicals were becoming more popular on phonological the London Stage. George Edwardes took over lost world book, the Gaiety Theatre, seeking to change it from the bawdy burlesque show that it was and providing a straightforward, light musical alternative to the heavy, absurdist and politically charged Savoy operas that were the flavor at the time. He decided to try doing family friendly, breezy, lighthearted comic romances, combined with style and definition spectacle. While there were burlesque elements to them, there were also comic opera traditions sprinkled throughout, and world the replacement of low-class burlesque dancers with respectable dancers and singers. These types of plays were such a success, they would determine the next thirty years of the general syndrome describes stages in the, musical theatre in London. Many of world, these plays, like The Shop Girl and stormbreaker review A Runaway Girl , followed the tropes of romances where the poor maiden falls in love with royalty, and faces many obstacles before finally winning him.

These set the lost world book, tone for musical comedies that would sweep across the face of musical theatre in both England and America, as many other theatres would copy these shows with increasing complexity, including Sidney Jones’ The Geisha and San Toy . During this time, the operetta had been essentially removed from the English stage due to the prevalence of Edwardian musical comedies, but it made a comeback in the early 20th century with the operetta The Merry Widow, which premiered in 1907 in London and Broadway. This success led to the direct competition of musicals and operettas for the next few years, with new and Health Planning old operettas being brought out on the stages of both American and England. New operettas that premiered at this time included the works of Victor Herbert ( Babes in Toyland, The Red Mill, The Fortune Teller ), and modern musical plays that were a bit more intimate. In an attempt to cash in on the still-popular Gilbert and Sullivan-style musical, P.G. Widehouse, Jerome Kern and Guy Bolton all came out with “Princess Theatre shows,” which offered light entertainment while remaining continuous with its songs and plot, offering a complete, detailed and lost world book complex story throughout. Unlike the gliding phonological, broader comedies of the time, and which had come before, situational comedies had a much greater influence, and the characters were more realistic. The songs were actually used to develop the characters or move the plot along; this was a breakthrough in world, the plotting and development of book, musical theatre. With the advent of the Princess Theatre musicals, these lighter shows proved they could integrate song and story just as well as Gilbert and Sullivan could. The theatre experienced a boom in lost world, business with the start of World War I; given the devastation of the battlefield and the front, audiences flocked to the stages in order to get some escapism. Irene , a play by Harry Tiernet and Joseph McCarthy, premiered in 1919 to widespread popularity, holding the Broadway record for longest run (670 performances) for a long time. While those were impressive by American standards, they held nothing to the British capacity for holding a musical run; Chu Chow Chow ran for aramco history, over two thousands performances.

Revues started to lost world become popular, as they incorporated light, multi-act performances that offered variety. As the 20th century chugged along, American musical theatre began to take dominance in book review, both popularity and world book quality. The Theatrical Syndicate, led by Charles Frohman, spearheaded the development of shows like the gliding process, Princess Theatre shows and many other Tin Pan Alley-inspired musicals. World Book. Jazz and ragtime became a much more popular component of modern musicals at the time, and the Gershwin brothers, as well as Irving Berlin and others, started to get shows produced. This shift in American musical theatre’s popularity was due to definition the changes in society that were happening at the time; the increase in lost world book, vernacular and naturalism that was desired by audiences of the modern era led to a slow death of the broad, the theatrical and the operatic. Shows and musicals were more direct with their plot, their characters and their intentions, and tradition gave way to innovation. The Roaring Twenties saw the advent of the definition, motion picture, and lost world its rise in popularity; this proved to be a challenge for theatres. Even though they were silent at first, and so could not offer the definition of porter, audio component of theatre, the creation of talking films like The Jazz Singer meant that it offered a real threat to lost world book live theatre.

Musicals in that era started to bring in bigger stars and greater spectacle, offering loudness and music hall sensibilities in lieu of Effects Today, complex plotting and character development. Lost World Book. Despite the fact that there was not a whole lot tying these glorified revues together, they proved extremely popular and light entertainment. Theatre writers began to transition into popular music, as most of the music people were listening to phonological at the time was what they heard in these reviews and vaudeville shows. Production values increased substantially during this time, making the musical more expensive to produce than ever. The concept of standards became popular in the 1920s; the lighthearted shows were never that memorable ( Sally, Oh, Kay! ), but their songs would stick in the public’s mind. As a result, they would be covered by a variety of popular music artists, like Cole Porter, Marilyn Miller, Fred Astaire. Operettas also came back into the limelight for a time, and Noel Coward and other composers started to enjoy newfound popularity. World. Show Boat in 1927 proved to on The Egyptian on the be one of the lost world, most complex mixes of book, score and book that there had been to date; even the Princess Theatre musicals lacked this level of sophistication.

There existed dramatic themes that were told with every component of the show, from the movement to the setting. This integration of production value with narrative complexity that rivaled anything that had come before. While this was popular, events like the book, Great Depression led to people going back to lighter entertainment. When the Egyptian Burial World, Great Depression hit, it left people with little money to entertain themselves with; this mean substantially reduced ticket sales. It was also cheaper to go to the ‘talkies’ than see a show, making it even more challenging for theatres to find an audience. Vaudeville was eliminated by book musical films, as they agreed to be filmed for adaptation describes stages, one-off shows that effectively killed future live performances of their work. Lost Book. There were still Show Boat -like shows that were great hits for those who could afford the ticket price; Of Thee I Sing was the first musical that was given the Pulitzer Prize. Anything Goes cemented singers like Ethel Merman, who would become the queen of musical theatre due to her loud, booming voice. The first Broadway show to star a black person (Ethel Waters), was 1933’s As Thousands Cheer . Porgy and Bess proved to be a very popular musical, created by George Gershwin and released in 1935. Modern musicals like Knickerbocker Holiday by Essay on The World Kurt Weill provided satire of FDR and detailed the history of lost world book, New York City. The General Adaptation Stages. With these more complex works, there were still lighter hits on Broadway, like I’d Rather Be Right and The Dancing Years . Lost Book. Cole Porter came into popularity with Anything Goes and DuBarry Was a Lady . All of the general adaptation describes, these contributions led to the overall success and survival of musical theatre, which was a miracle in a time when economic destitution was the worst this country has ever experienced.

The evolution of world book, musical theatre at this time allowed for fast-paced music, staging, choreography and more naturalistic dialogue, a far cry from the overt theatricality and melodrama of previous eras. Musical theatre in the 1940s would hit a new zenith with Rodgers and Hammerstein’s musical Oklahoma! Continuing the Show Boat tradition of having complex plotting and serious storytelling amongst musical numbers, the show offered dream ballets and integrated the music more cohesively into the story, rather than providing dance as an excuse for men to aramco history see barely-dressed women. Agnes de Mille was the choreographer for this show, and it revolutionized the lost book, format of gliding phonological, musical theatre by providing a decided lack of world, tawdriness and an earnest desire for storytelling that was not present at this level before. Aramco History. In the world, opening number, there were no showgirls, but instead the actual play began with “Oh, What a Beautiful Mornin'”. This earnestness and quality of production gave the show rave reviews and unexpected popularity. Of Porter. It got the Pulitzer Prize, and the musical achieved new narrative heights. It turned into the first Broadway show to be considered a “blockbuster,” and was even adapted into lost world book, film. In the canon of Care Planning, musical theatre, it was the first extremely successful Broadway musical, and it holds a beloved place as a milestone of theatrical history. The success of the play sent Rodgers and world Hammerstein into incredible popularity, coming out with a string of further hits, like South Pacific, The King I and The Sound of Music. In all of phonological process, their shows, dark themes were presented in a way heretofore unseen in musical theatre; Oklahoma’s villain was a murderer, and Carousel tackled the lost, theme of domestic abuse.

Due to their vast creativity, everyone else wanted to stormbreaker emulate them, which meant a string of successive musicals in lost world, that vein; this led to the Golden Age of Essay on The Effects Burial Sites on the World, American musical theatre. The war itself was brought to the theatre, with many war-themed shows becoming popular; On the Town showcased a shore leave between soldiers and their women, bringing wartime uncertainty and pathos to world book the big stage. Annie Get Your Gun, Finian’s Rainbow, Kiss Me, Kate and other such plays were modeled after the Oklahoma! trend of phonological process, having complex plots with integrated music within, enhancing the lost, overall quality of the musical theatre canon. In the 1950s, shows like Guys and Dolls, Paint your Wagon, My Fair Lady and more continued the tradition of gliding process, complex characters within musicals; records continued to be shattered, with My Fair Lady running a record 2,717 performances. Each of lost world book, these popular musicals would have film adaptations made of aramco history, them as well, bringing in a newfound collaboration between Broadway and Hollywood. World. Stars like Julie Andrews and Facility Planning Judy Garland dominated musicals at this time. Off-Broadway musicals also came to prominence, with shows like The Threepenny Opera and The Fantasticks proving that a show does not have to be part of the book, Broadway system to be critically and financially successful. The orchestras were smaller, and the scale was toned down, but they could still work. West Side Story adapted Romeo and Juliet into a modern New York City setting, and brought home significant box office returns and myriad Tonys. This cemented Stephen Sondheim’s reputation as a master composer for musicals. The 1960s saw even greater popularity and experimentation on syndrome describes stages in the the part of musicals.

More blockbusters, such as Fiddler on the Roof, Hello Dolly!, Funny Girl and lost book Man of La Mancha would be created, and some of the overt sexuality of the burlesque would come back with the book, popularity of Cabaret . The rock musical would then usurp these musical styles by the end of the 1960s. Stephen Sondheim and Jerry Herman would significantly shape the pattern of musicals in this decade and the next, through the darker themes that he would explore in works like Sweeney Todd and A Funny Thing Happened on lost book the Way to the Forum . These plays were bloody, cynical, and gritty, eschewing the sunny dispositions of earlier musicals to make plays about singing surprisingly dark and brooding. Health Care Facility Planning. Into the Woods and Assassins explored these themes further, showcasing a sophistication in world book, lyrics and music that belied the overall exclusiveness of some of the Planning Essay, plays’ themes. Soldheim tried a number of new things during this time, including reverse-engineering shows and breaking the fourth wall to lost the audience, all things that made musical theatre challenging and intriguing again. With the start of the musical Hair , rock music would be incorporated into musicals.

Also, the Vietnam War was brought up as a theme, something which would prove controversial and also indicative of musical theatre’s propensity to challenge societal attitudes at definition of porter the time. Racial tolerance was found in many Golden Age musicals, which were then resurfaced ( The King I, South Pacific , and more). Racial integration finally occurred in lost, the end of the 1960s; homosexuality was first openly explored as a theme in book, Hair , and world book then moved onto other shows. In the 1970s, with the advent of the rock musical, The Rocky Horror Show, Jesus Christ Superstar, Godspell and more started to bring in this rapidly popular style of music to the general syndrome describes in the the theatrical realm, bringing with it an added edge that was never before seen onstage. Some of these plays, like the Who musical Tommy , tended to work more towards concepts of opera than they did musicals, with little spoken dialogue and most of the story and character conveyed through song. African-Americans got their own musical representation onstage, portraying the black experience through The Wiz, Dreamgirls and more. As the lost book, Broadway canon expanded, more and more variation occurred, with musicals of every genre coming into prominence. A Chorus Line proved to be a giant among contemporary musicals; released in 1975, the play, which was about an audition for a musical, broke narrative conventions in a fascinating way, also providing with it amazing music and Effects Burial Sites World Today spectacle, busting box office records and reaching incredible critical acclaim. This led to more plays along that same style, such as Chicago, Pippin, Nine, Evita and more. These were risque, tawdry yet liberating pieces, bringing sensuality to the stage without it being classless or inaccessible. In the 1980s and 1990s, pop music began to invade musicals to a larger degree, and larger production values brought incredible spectacle to these productions, like falling chandeliers in The Phantom of the lost world book, Opera . Novel and literary adaptations were beginning to be the norm, and European influences were more and more prevalent.

Andrew Lloyd Webber became an incredible mega-hit musical creator with Cats and Evita , The Phantom of the Opera and Health more. World Book. A greater emphasis on adaptations has been put forth as the 1990s rolled along; corporations began to get into the Broadway game, with the Disney Company allying with Broadway to adapt their musical films to the stage; Julie Taymor’s production of The Lion King stands out book review, among that canon. With the greater opportunities available for smaller playwrights to create small-scale musicals, musical theatre split into larger, spectacle-based musicals of Broadway, and lost world the quirkier, smaller musicals of on The Egyptian Burial Sites World, off-Broadway. Little Shop of Horrors , Bat Boy: The Musical , and others provided smaller scale but interesting stories that eschewed overly elaborate set pieces for small sets of characters and developed storylines. Lost World. Incredible innovations would come from shows such as these, and a new niche audience was created for of porter, them. In order to attract younger audiences, Rent was released on world book Broadway and the West End, a dramatic tale of New York bohemia, rock music, and AIDS. The incredible success of the musicals invigorated the theatre scene with a much younger demographic, leading to the advent of interesting, new and unusual shows.

Urinetown and Avenue Q brought modern, crude but wacky humor to smaller stages, Spring Awakening and other shows doing the same. Aramco History. While Broadway continued to play it safe with their familiar shows, the rise of adaptations began to surface. Wicked , The Producers, Spamalot, Hairspray and others indicate a modern, ongoing trend of taking an established property and making it into a musical. The point of world, this is to offer something familiar, which audiences already know from established material and aramco history have a fondness for, and offer a musical component to it. The jukebox musical, exemplified by lost book Mamma Mia! and Essay on The Egyptian World others, continues this trend of offering familiar songs framed around a new story.